JULIANS ACROBATS / YIULIANS ACROBATES
My interest in this troupe arose from finding the Pathe 9.5mm films.
The Pathe film catalogues, below, clearly use the word Julians and I followed this track to find out more about them for several years.

Doing research I came across the the Yullians troupe referred to in the index of Adrian's En Piste, Les Acrobates, and the Yuliam's troupe referred to in Strehly's L'Acrobatie et les Acrobates (pub 1903) p143. However no more references of these troupes could be found.

It was only when I came across this postcard that I discovered the actual name is the Yiulians, and found a couple of references to the troupe performing, detailed further below.

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The Julians, Acrobats (1903)
These famous European acrobats are shown in their wonderful feats of balancing and high-class acrobatic work. This troupe commands the highest salary ever paid to a company of gymnasts, and the sensational work they perform gives proof that theirs is justly the most celebrated in the world. The photography is beautifully sharp and distinct, and the subject most entertaining.
Summary written by Edison Catalog

See the video at: www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIIRMgsSsNs

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This wonderful acrobatic act can be seen on film from 1902/03. The following two listings appear in the Pathe film volumes index:

Julian’s Acrobates, Les, 1902/03 (p876) [May 1903 catalogue]

3597 Julian’s, Les (150m) 1910 (p298)
Une troupe de dix acrobats tres adroits effectue une serie de performances remarques; echelle humaine, double sauts perilleux, sauts geants etc.
Cine-Journal no 96 25/06/1910
The Bioscope 26/05/1910
Sortie: Le Cirque d’Hiver 1-7/07/1910

The same two films are featured in the domestic Pathe Baby (9.5mm)1923 catalogue:
Film 229 Voltige au Tapis par Les Julian's
Film 230 Julian's Troupe

Looking at the films it is apparent both were filmed at the same location and the same time.

All, bar a couple of Risley moves, of Film 229 is featured in Paris 1900 (France 1948 Dir Nicole Vedres) and in Le Petomane: Fin-De-Siècle Fartiste (USA 1998 dir Igor Vamos).


ALL THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS ABOUT JULIANS THAT I FOUND OUT PRIOR TO FINDING THE POSTCARD - AND MOST UNLIKELY TO HAVE ANY CONNECTION WITH THE YIULIANS.
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Details of Rose Julian can be found at www.circushistory.org/History/Contortion.htm
It includes the following paragraph:
Note: This is Rose (or Rosalie) Julian, said to have been born in Australia in 1867. Her brother was Martin Julian. The Julians traveled the Variety Hall circut as well as performing with circuses. They did perform with Barnum, Cole, Cooper & Hutchinson's Greatest Show on Earth in 1886. Later, Martin became the manager of the well-known pugalist, Robert Fitzsimmons. After Fitzsimmons divorced his first wife, he married Rose Julian. Fitzsimmons' first wife married Rose's brother, Martin. At least one newspaper account states that Rose and Martin's mother (probably Aimee/Amy) was married to Leon Samwells, possibly the Leon Samwells who was a gymnast, acrobat and had trained animals. - Judy Griffin

Olympians of the Sawdust Circle - A Biographical Dictionary of the Nineteenth Century American Circus by by William L. Slout cites: JULIANS. Gymnasts, P. T. Barnum’s, 1886.

There was a Julian’s Circus in England in the early 1890s so there may be a connection there (poster in Evanion Collection for Julian’s Grand International Circus 1893, East Grinstead, Sussex.)

The Julians were featured on the bill for Tony Pastor’s 14th Street Theatre (which ran from 1881-1908), New York w/c March 17th but I don’t know which year - either 1884 or 1902!.



1894 June 19 New York Times list the Julians, acrobats: Theo, Meehan and Raymond as appearing at Tony Pastor's Theatre.

McCaddon Collection of the Barnum and Bailey Circus (TC040) 1871-1907, bulk 1895-1905
libweb.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/aids/mccaddon/mccaddon1.html
has images described as follows: 67-69 Rose Julian, acrobat or aerialist?



There was a circus troupe who toured regional South Australia in the early 1900s called The Flying Julians. Is this coincidence or is it a different set of 'flying Jullians'.

1913 October 19 - New York Times lists the Six Julians, acrobats, appearing at Proctor's Twenty-third Street theatre.

1914 Dec 14-19 Pavilion Theatre, Ayr – variety show – The Four Julians special.lib.gla.ac.uk/sta/search/detaile.cfm?EID=19371


1923 Jan 15 London Colisem for w/c January 15 1923 - A variety show with many acts including Holloway & Austin, The Four Famous Julians, The Arnaut Brothers and many more


There are references to the Flying Julians in Adrian's Ils donnent des Ailes du Cirque p107 with a trampoline/catching act, circa 1925 (and who performed at the London Coliseum in 1924 as the Julians and the London Alhambra in 1925 as the Flying Julians).

1924 Nov. 10th, Programme for THE A UNIQUE OPPORTUNITY TEMPUS FUGIT: MARCH at The London Coliseum from Monday,
Creator(s):Fleming, Brandon [author]; Merivale, Bernard [author]; Denissoff, I. K. [singer] [performer]; Kedroff, N. N. [singer] [performer]; Kasakoff, T. F. [singer] [performer]; Kedroff, K. N. [singer] [performer]; Fyffe, Will [comedian] [performer]; Julians [performer]; Taube, A. [composer]; Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus 1756-1791 z [composer]; Korsakov, R. [composer]; Wagner, Richard 1813-1883 z [composer]; Novelli [singer] [performer]; Saint-Saens, Camille 1835-1921 z [composer]; Godard [composer]; Ketlbey, Albert W. Albert William 1875-1959 z [composer]; Pazius [composer]; Abt, Franz 1819-1885 z [composer]; Page, Norman [producer or director]; Haycock, Cadle & Graham Ltd. [London] Camberwell [printer]; Stoll, Oswald [theatre managing director]; Croxton, Arthur [theatre manager]; Crocker, Henry [stage manager]; Egbert Brothers [performer]; Dove, Alfred [musical director]; Fuller, Loie [ballet mistress]; Edwards, Tom [ventriloquist] [performer]; Loie Fuller's Ballet [ballet company] [performer]; Quartermaine, Leon [performer]; Harker, Gordon [performer]; Compton, Fay [performer]; Kedroff Vocal Quartette [choir] [performer];
Local identifier:John Johnson Collection - Bodleian Library, University of Oxford - 20010607/16:10 :24 f Type of item:programme Note:With a synopsis of "Cockney Suite" describing London scenes and recreations. Format:paper; booklet 8 p. + cover 21.8 x 14 cm.;

1925 March 16, Programme for CANZONE MILITARE: MARCH at Alhambra from Week commencing Monday, | Item level record
Creator(s):Alhambra Company, Ltd. [owner of premises]; Flying Julians [gymnast] [performer]; Page, Edith Miss [pianist] [performer]; Tate, Harry [performer]; Mezzacapo [composer]; German, Edward Sir 1862-1936 z [composer]; Henry Good and Sons London Sydney Avenue, E.C. [printer]; Stoll, Oswald Sir [theatre managing director]; Reynolds, George F. [theatre manager]; Saker, George [musical director]; Brooks, Fred C. [theatre manager, assistant]; Crocker, A. [stage manager]; Formby Jr, George [performer]; Stoll Picture Productions, Ltd.; Frank [dancer] [performer]; Vesta [dancer] [performer]; Thurston, Harry [mimic] [performer]; Hylton, Jack [band leader] [performer]; Jack Hylton Band [band] [performer]; Whelan, Albert [performer]; Hook, Ethel [singer] [performer];
Local identifier:John Johnson Collection - Bodleian Library, University of Oxford - 20010518/12:20 :28 f Type of item:programme Format:paper; booklet 8 p. + cover 25.8 x 18.7 cm.;

1934 VARIETY PROGRAMME THE WALTHAMSTOW PALACE THEATRE
week commencing Monday August 13th 1934
1 .... THE HUNTINGS ...Amusing Performers in a Series of Ladder Antics
2 .... PLANT & ROSSLYN .... The Famous Comedy Pair in a Typical Topical Interlude
3 .... JOAN GATES .... The Dainty soubrette in her Latest Successes
4 .... O'BRIEN & HARRIS .... The "Iro-Lanks" Comedy Pair presenting an AMUSING DIVERSION
5 .... THE FAMOUS FLYING JULIANS ....Springing Surprises as only these Brilliant Artistes can
INTERMISSION
6 ... HORACE GOLDIN ..... The Royal Illusionist
Presents a GOLDIN HOUR

1935 May 18th - Four Julians at the Theatre Royal in Chatham including Billy Julian

In 'Memories of Circus, Variety, etc. as I knew it' by Henry Whiteley (pub'd 1981 tho' written 1944), Whiteley states that 'Bob Hanlon was the father of the trampoline act known in later years as the Four Julians' (p22).

More recently there has been Victor Julian (?Victor Julian Yelding?) with his dog act. He appeared in the 1962 film Billy Rose’s Jumbo and on the Ed Sullivan show ‘Toast of the Town’ on several occasions in the 1960s.